1. Anderson RA, Polansky MM, Bryden NA et al. Urinary chromium excretion of human subjects. Effects of chromium supplementation and glucose loading. Am J Clin Nutr 36: 1184 1193, 1982.
2. Anderson RA, Polansky MM, Bryden NA, Patterson KY, Veillon C, Glinsmann. Effects of chromium supplementation on urinary Cr excretion with selected clinical parameters. J Nutr, 113: 276-281, 1983.
3. Anderson RA et al. Chromium supplementation of humans with hypoglycemia. Fed Proc 43:471, 1984.
4. Anderson RA, Polansky MM, Bryden NA. Acute effects on chromium, copper, zinc and selected clinical variables in urine and serum of male runners. Biol Trace Elem Res 6: 327-336, 1984.
5. Anderson RA, Kozlovsky AS. Chromium intake, absorption and excretion of subjects consuming self-selected diets. Am J Clin Nutr 42: 1177-1183, 1985.
6. Anderson RA. Chromium metabolism and its role in disease processes in man. Clin Physiol Biochem, 4: 31 41, 1986.
7. Anderson RA, Polansky MM, Bryden NA, et al.: Effects of supplemental chromium on patients with symptoms of reactive hypoglycemia. Metabolism 36; 4:351-5, 1987.
8. Anderson RA. Chromium and its role in lean body mass and weight reduction. Nutrition Report 11: 41, 46, 1991.
9. Anderson RA: Chromium, glucose tolerance, and diabetes.; Biol Trace Elem Res 32, pp. 19-24, 1992.
10. Anderson R et al. Beneficial Effect of Chromium for People with Type II Diabetes. Diabetes 45; suppl. 2; 124A/454, 1996.
11. Baker B. Chromium Supplements Tied to Glucose Control. Family Practice News; 5; July 15, 1996.
12. Borel JS, nderson RA. Biochemistry of the essential ultratrace elements. New York: Plenum. p 175-199, 1984.
13. Brewer G, Turkay A, Yuzbasiyan-Gurkan V, Barnett J. Chromium supplementation and insulin sensitivity in psoriasis. Abstract. J Am Coll Nutr 12:588, 1993.
14. Bunker VW, Lawson MS, Delves HT, Clayton BE. The intake and excretion of chromium by the elderly. Am J Clin Nutr 39: 799-802, 1984.
15. Clausen J. Chromium induced clinical improvement in symptomatic hypoglycemia. Biol Trace Elem Res 17:229-36, 1988.
16. Donaldson DL, Rennert OM. Metabolism of trace elements in man, vol. 2: genetic implications. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. p 113-132, 1984.
17. Evans GW, Ropginksi EE, Mertz W. Interaction of the glucose tolerance factor (GFW) with insulin. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1973; 50: 718-722, 1973.
18. Evans GW. The effect of chromium picolinate on insulin controlled parameters in humans. Int J Biosocial Med Res 11: 163-180, 1989.
19. Gibson RS, Scythes CA. Chromium, selelnium and other trace element intakes of a selected sample of Canadian premenopausal women. Biol Trace Eleme Res 6: 105-116, 1984.
20. Gordon JB. An easy and inexpensive way to lower cholesterol? West J Med 154: 3, 1991.
21. Kozlovsky AS, Moser PB, Reiser S, Anderson RA. Effects of diets high in simple sugars on urinary chromium losses. Mctabolism 35: 515-518, 1986.
22. Lefavi R. Lipid-lowering effects of a dietary nicotinic acid-chromium III complex in male athletes. FASEB J 5;6:A1645, 1991.
23. Lefavi R et al. Lipid-lowering effect of a dietary chromium III-nicotinic acid complex in male athletes. Nutr Res 13:239-49, 1993.
24. Levine R et al. Effect of Oral chromium Supplementation of the Glucose Tolerance of Elderly Human Subjects. Metabolism 17; 114-25, 1968.
25. Menendez CE, Stoecker BJ. Nutrition and diabetes. New York: Alan R. Liss. p 15-36, 1985.
26. Offenbacher EG, Pi-Sunyer FX. Beneficial effect of chromium-rich yeast on glucose tolerance and blood lipids in elderly subjects. Diabetes 29: 919, 1980.
27. Offenbacher EG, Rinko CJ, Pi-Sunyer FX. The effects of inorganic chromium and brewer’s yeast on glucose tolerance, plasma lipids, and plasma chromium in elderly subjects. Am J Clin Nutr 42: 454-456, 1985.
28. Offenbacher EG, Pi-Sunyer FX. Chromium in human nutrition. Ann Rev Nutr 8: 543-563, 1988.
29. Pekarek RS, Hayer EC, Rayfield EJ et al. Relationship between serum chromium concentrations and glucose utilization in normal and infected subjects. Diabetes 24: 350 353, 1975.
30. Press RI, Geller J, Evans GW. The effect of chromium picolinate on serum cholesterol and apolipoprotein fractions in human subjects. West J Med 152: 41-45, 1990.
31. Reaven GM. Banting lecture 1988. Role of insulin resistance in human disease. Diabetes 1988; 37: 1595 1607, 1988.
32. Schroeder HA. The role of chromium in mammalian nutrition. Am J Clin Nutr 21: 230-244, 1968.
33. Seaborn CD, Stoecker BJ. Effects of antacid or ascorbic acid on tissue accumulation and urinary excretion of 51chromium. Nutr Res 10: 1401-1407, 1990.
34. Simonoff M, Llabador Y, Hamon C et al. Low plasma chromium in patients with coronary artery and heart disease. Biol Trace Elem Res 6: 431-439, 1984.
35. Stoecker, BJ Present knowledge in nutrition. 6th edn. Chromium. Washington DC: Nutrition Foundation. p 287-291, 1990.
36. Stoecker BJ. Chromium. In: Present knowledge in nutrition. 7th edn. Washington, DC: Nutrition Foundation. p 344-352, 1996.
37. Urberg M, Parent M, Mill D et al. Evidence for synergism between chromium and nicotinic acid in normalizing glucose tolerance. Diabetes 1986; 35: 37a.
38. Urberg M et al. Hypocholesterolemic effect of nicotinic acid and chromium supplementation. J Fam Pract 27;6:603-6, 1988.
39. Uusitupa MI, Kumpulainen JT, Voutilainen E, Hersio K, Sarlund H, Pyorala KP, Koivistoinen PE, Lehto JT. Effect of inorganic chromium supplementation on glucose non-insulin-dependent diabetics. Am J Clin Nutr 38: 404-410, 1983.
40. Wang M, Fox E, Stoecker B. Serum cholesterol of adults supplemented with brewer’s yeast or chromium chloride. Nutr Res 9: 989-998, 1989.
41. Wedrychowski A, Ward WA, Schmidt WN, Hnilica LS. Chromium-induced cross-linking of nuclear proteins and DNA. J Biol Chem 260: 7150-7155, 1985.
42. Wolf W, Mertz W, Masironi R. Determination of chromium in refined and unrefined sugars. J Agr Food Chem 22: 1037-1042, 1974.
Joseph E. Pizzorno Jr., Michael T. Murrey & Melvyn R. Werbach.